Cloud access security broker (CASB) company Bitglass has released its fifth annual Healthcare Breach Report, showing that the number of healthcare records breached in 2018 more than doubled since 2017.
Each year, Bitglass analyses data from the US Department of Health and Human Services' ‘Wall of Shame', a database containing information about breaches of protected health information (PHI) that affected 500 or more individuals.
In 2019's report, the latest data is compared to that of previous years, revealing key trends and cybersecurity challenges facing the healthcare industry.
Breaches recorded in the HHS database are categorised into one of the following groups:
Hacking or IT incidents: Breaches related to malicious hackers and improper IT security
Unauthorised access or disclosure: All unauthorised access and sharing of protected health information
Loss or theft: Breaches enabled by the loss or theft of endpoint devices
Other: Miscellaneous breaches and leaks related to items such as improper disposal of data
According to the study's findings, the number of breaches in 2018 was lower than that of the previous year.
Yet the number of records breached has more than doubled since 2017.
Additionally, of the 11.5 million individuals affected by healthcare breaches in 2018, 67% had their information exposed by hacking and IT incidents.
The steady rise of this type of breach suggests that healthcare IT systems are increasingly being targeted by malicious actors who recognise that said systems house massive amounts of sensitive data.
Bitglass CMO Rich Campagna says, “Healthcare firms have made progress in bolstering their security and reducing the number of breaches over the last few years.
“However, the growth in hacking and IT incidents does deserve special attention. As such, healthcare organisations must employ the appropriate technologies and cybersecurity best practices if they want to secure the patient data within their IT systems.
The number of reported healthcare breaches reached a three-year low of 290 in 2018
At 46%, hacking and IT incidents were the biggest causes of breaches, with unauthorised access and disclosure coming in second place at 36%
The average number of individuals affected per breach was 39,739 in 2018 – more than twice the average of 2017
The number of breaches caused by lost and stolen devices has decreased by almost 70% since 2014